Similarity density of the Thue-Morse word with overlap-free infinite binary words

Chen Fei Du
(University of Waterloo)
Jeffrey Shallit
(University of Waterloo)

We consider a measure of similarity for infinite words that generalizes the notion of asymptotic or natural density of subsets of natural numbers from number theory. We show that every overlap-free infinite binary word, other than the Thue-Morse word t and its complement t bar, has this measure of similarity with t between 1/4 and 3/4. This is a partial generalization of a classical 1927 result of Mahler.

In Zoltán Ésik and Zoltán Fülöp: Proceedings 14th International Conference on Automata and Formal Languages (AFL 2014), Szeged, Hungary, May 27-29, 2014, Electronic Proceedings in Theoretical Computer Science 151, pp. 231–245.
Published: 21st May 2014.

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