Modelling Spatial Interactions in the Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis using the Calculus of Wrapped Compartments

Cristina Calcagno
(Università di Torino)
Mario Coppo
(Università di Torino)
Ferruccio Damiani
(Università di Torino)
Maurizio Drocco
(Università di Torino)
Eva Sciacca
(Università di Torino)
Salvatore Spinella
(Università di Torino)
Angelo Troina
(Università di Torino)

Arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM) is the most wide-spread plant-fungus symbiosis on earth. Investigating this kind of symbiosis is considered one of the most promising ways to develop methods to nurture plants in more natural manners, avoiding the complex chemical productions used nowadays to produce artificial fertilizers. In previous work we used the Calculus of Wrapped Compartments (CWC) to investigate different phases of the AM symbiosis. In this paper, we continue this line of research by modelling the colonisation of the plant root cells by the fungal hyphae spreading in the soil. This study requires the description of some spatial interaction. Although CWC has no explicit feature modelling a spatial geometry, the compartment labelling feature can be effectively exploited to define a discrete surface topology outlining the relevant sectors which determine the spatial properties of the system under consideration. Different situations and interesting spatial properties can be modelled and analysed in such a lightweight framework (which has not an explicit notion of geometry with coordinates and spatial metrics), thus exploiting the existing CWC simulation tool.

In Ion Petre and Erik de Vink: Proceedings Third International Workshop on Computational Models for Cell Processes (CompMod 2011), Aachen, Germany, September 10, 2011, Electronic Proceedings in Theoretical Computer Science 67, pp. 3–18.
Published: 8th September 2011.

ArXived at: http://dx.doi.org/10.4204/EPTCS.67.3 bibtex PDF
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