An experimental Study using ACSL and Frama-C to formulate and verify Low-Level Requirements from a DO-178C compliant Avionics Project

Frank Dordowsky
(ESG Elektroniksystem- und Logistik GmbH)

Safety critical avionics software is a natural application area for formal verification. This is reflected in the formal method's inclusion into the certification guideline DO-178C and its formal methods supplement DO-333. Airbus and Dassault-Aviation, for example, have conducted studies in using formal verification. A large German national research project, Verisoft XT, also examined the application of formal methods in the avionics domain.

However, formal methods are not yet mainstream, and it is questionable if formal verification, especially formal deduction, can be integrated into the software development processes of a resource constrained small or medium enterprise (SME). ESG, a Munich based medium sized company, has conducted a small experimental study on the application of formal verification on a small portion of a real avionics project. The low level specification of a software function was formalized with ACSL, and the corresponding source code was partially verified using Frama-C and the WP plugin, with Alt-Ergo as automated prover.

We established a couple of criteria which a method should meet to be fit for purpose for industrial use in SME, and evaluated these criteria with the experience gathered by using ACSL with Frama-C on a real world example. The paper reports on the results of this study but also highlights some issues regarding the method in general which, in our view, will typically arise when using the method in the domain of embedded real-time programming.

In Catherine Dubois, Paolo Masci and Dominique Méry: Proceedings Second International Workshop on Formal Integrated Development Environment (F-IDE 2015), Oslo, Norway, June 22, 2015, Electronic Proceedings in Theoretical Computer Science 187, pp. 28–41.
Published: 14th August 2015.

ArXived at: http://dx.doi.org/10.4204/EPTCS.187.3 bibtex PDF
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