Timed Context-Free Temporal Logics

Laura Bozzelli
(University of Napoli Federico II)
Aniello Murano
(University of Napoli Federico II)
Adriano Peron
(University of Napoli Federico II)

The paper is focused on temporal logics for the description of the behaviour of real-time pushdown reactive systems. The paper is motivated to bridge tractable logics specialized for expressing separately dense-time real-time properties and context-free properties by ensuring decidability and tractability in the combined setting. To this end we introduce two real-time linear temporal logics for specifying quantitative timing context-free requirements in a pointwise semantics setting: Event-Clock Nested Temporal Logic (EC_NTL) and Nested Metric Temporal Logic (NMTL). The logic EC_NTL is an extension of both the logic CaRet (a context-free extension of standard LTL) and Event-Clock Temporal Logic (a tractable real-time logical framework related to the class of Event-Clock automata). We prove that satisfiability of EC_NTL and visibly model-checking of Visibly Pushdown Timed Automata (VPTA) against EC_NTL are decidable and EXPTIME-complete. The other proposed logic NMTL is a context-free extension of standard Metric Temporal Logic (MTL). It is well known that satisfiability of future MTL is undecidable when interpreted over infinite timed words but decidable over finite timed words. On the other hand, we show that by augmenting future MTL with future context-free temporal operators, the satisfiability problem turns out to be undecidable also for finite timed words. On the positive side, we devise a meaningful and decidable fragment of the logic NMTL which is expressively equivalent to EC_NTL and for which satisfiability and visibly model-checking of VPTA are EXPTIME-complete.

In Andrea Orlandini and Martin Zimmermann: Proceedings Ninth International Symposium on Games, Automata, Logics, and Formal Verification (GandALF 2018), Saarbrücken, Germany, 26-28th September 2018, Electronic Proceedings in Theoretical Computer Science 277, pp. 235–249.
Published: 7th September 2018.

http://dx.doi.org/10.4204/EPTCS.277.17 bibtex PDF
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