Some Turing-Complete Extensions of First-Order Logic

Antti Kuusisto

We introduce a natural Turing-complete extension of first-order logic FO. The extension adds two novel features to FO. The first one of these is the capacity to add new points to models and new tuples to relations. The second one is the possibility of recursive looping when a formula is evaluated using a semantic game. We first define a game-theoretic semantics for the logic and then prove that the expressive power of the logic corresponds in a canonical way to the recognition capacity of Turing machines. Finally, we show how to incorporate generalized quantifiers into the logic and argue for a highly natural connection between oracles and generalized quantifiers.

In Adriano Peron and Carla Piazza: Proceedings Fifth International Symposium on Games, Automata, Logics and Formal Verification (GandALF 2014), Verona, Italy, 10th - 12th September 2014, Electronic Proceedings in Theoretical Computer Science 161, pp. 4–17.
Published: 24th August 2014.

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