On the Path-Width of Integer Linear Programming

Constantin Enea
Peter Habermehl
Omar Inverso
Gennaro Parlato

We consider the feasibility problem of integer linear programming (ILP). We show that solutions of any ILP instance can be naturally represented by an FO-definable class of graphs. For each solution there may be many graphs representing it. However, one of these graphs is of path-width at most 2n, where n is the number of variables in the instance. Since FO is decidable on graphs of bounded path- width, we obtain an alternative decidability result for ILP. The technique we use underlines a common principle to prove decidability which has previously been employed for automata with auxiliary storage. We also show how this new result links to automata theory and program verification.

In Adriano Peron and Carla Piazza: Proceedings Fifth International Symposium on Games, Automata, Logics and Formal Verification (GandALF 2014), Verona, Italy, 10th - 12th September 2014, Electronic Proceedings in Theoretical Computer Science 161, pp. 74–87.
Published: 24th August 2014.

ArXived at: http://dx.doi.org/10.4204/EPTCS.161.9 bibtex PDF
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