Unfolding of Finite Concurrent Automata

Alexandre Mansard
(LIM - University of La Réunion)

We consider recognizable trace rewriting systems with level-regular contexts (RTL). A trace language is level-regular if the set of Foata normal forms of its elements is regular. We prove that the rewriting graph of a RTL is word-automatic. Thus its first-order theory is decidable. Then, we prove that the concurrent unfolding of a finite concurrent automaton with the reachability relation is a RTL graph. It follows that the first-order theory with the reachability predicate (FO[Reach] theory) of such an unfolding is decidable. It is known that this property holds also for the ground term rewriting graphs. We provide examples of finite concurrent automata of which the concurrent unfoldings fail to be ground term rewriting graphs. The infinite grid tree (for each vertex of an infinite grid, there is an edge from this vertex to the origin of a copy of the infinite grid) is such an unfolding. We prove that the infinite grid tree is not a ground term rewriting graph. We have thus obtained a new class of graphs for with a decidable FO[Reach] theory.

In Massimo Bartoletti and Sophia Knight: Proceedings 11th Interaction and Concurrency Experience (ICE 2018), Madrid, Spain, June 20-21, 2018, Electronic Proceedings in Theoretical Computer Science 279, pp. 68–84.
Published: 4th October 2018.

ArXived at: http://dx.doi.org/10.4204/EPTCS.279.8 bibtex PDF
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